Lectures and Workshops

Surface Dyslexia: Another Form of Context Blindness in Autism?

- Sarah Wayland Author: Donna Henderson, Psy. D Poor awareness of the sounds of language or a lack of understanding of the spelling-sound correspondence is the cause of the most common type of dyslexia. People with this type of dyslexia will make spelling errors that do not make phonetic sense (such as spelling “desk” as deks or “with” as weth). In contrast, I have noticed that some of the children I work with have an unusual pattern of spelling errors. These kids seem to understand which letters go with which sounds, but they actually over-rely on the letter-sound correlation. For example, they might spell the word “garbage” as garbij or the word “wiggle” as wigul. To understand these different types of errors, it’s important to first understand how children learn to read as well as what typical dyslexia looks like. It all starts with the phoneme. A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound, and there are 44 phonemes in the English language. In the word “cat”, for instance, there are three phonemes (/k/ – /æ/– /t/). Both speaking and reading rely on being able to identify, distinguish, blend, and manipulate these phonemes. Good readers know that specific written letters are associated with particular sounds (the phonemes) and that the sounds (and thus the letters) must be in the proper order. Beginning readers and writers must use the phonological form of the word to determine how say or spell it. However, the English writing system does not necessarily observe a one-to-one correspondence between letters and sounds.  For example, if we see the letter “k” we associate it with the /k/ sound, but if we see the letter in a certain context (knife), we know that the sequence of letters will alter the sound of that particular “k”.  Likewise, the letter “c” can be pronounced as /s/ or /k/ (as in “concise”), depending on the word’s origin and the letters that surround it. Knowing the rules that govern a letter’s pronunciation can make decoding words much easier. There are many of these irregular words, such as “laugh” and “neighbor.” These words cannot be sounded out; to read or spell them, the reader must either be able to recognize the word automatically from memory (a sight word) or know how to apply the unique reading and spelling rules. The spelling rules of English can be difficult to learn, as there can be many ways to spell the same sound. The phonological awareness skills (to sound out regular words) coupled with a knowledge of the spelling rules of English (to cope with irregular words) are both necessary for fluent reading and writing. Good spellers must know the spelling rules of English in addition to having good phonological awareness. In the most common type of dyslexia, phonological dyslexia, people do not have adequate phonological skills, so they have difficulty sounding out or spelling even regular words. Other students, however, may have adequate phonological skills but fail to fluently use [...]

2019-03-13T21:42:49-04:00March 13th, 2019|Categories: Blog Post|Tags: , , |

Parenting Autism Summit

A FREE online Parenting Autism Summit: This is a summit for parents of children with autism. It includes more than 20 hours of interviews with over 30 autism and parenting experts sharing information about effective symptom management and parenting strategies. It is FREE from November 5th through 10th only.

2018-10-20T15:41:43-04:00November 5th, 2018|Categories: |Tags: , , , , |

The Self-Driven Child: How a Sense of Control Makes Kids Motivated and Stress-Resistant

The Self-Driven Child: How a Sense of Control Makes Kids Motivated and Stress-Resistant Everyone in the Greater Washington area is concerned about the escalating levels of stress and anxiety in children and adolescents. And for every child or teen who is crippled by anxiety or underperforming because of stress, there is another failing to thrive for lack of intrinsic motivation. In this talk, Dr. William Stixrud and Ned Johnson will explain a crucial link between the twin scourges of high stress and low motivation, namely a low sense of control or autonomy. They will present practical, eye-opening approaches for supporting the development of autonomy and raising healthy, successful children, approaches which they discuss in their new book, The Self-Driven Child: The Science and Sense of Giving Your Kids More Control Over Their Lives (Viking Books). William R. Stixrud, Ph.D., is a clinical neuropsychologist and director of The Stixrud Group. He is a member of the Adjunct Faculty of the Children’s National Medical Center, and he holds a faculty appointment as Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences, and Pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Stixrud is also a frequent lecturer on topics related to neuropsychological assessment, learning and executive disorders, brain development, motivation, and the effects of stress, sleep deprivation, and technology overload on the brain. He is a long-time practitioner of Transcendental Meditation and a rock and roll musician who plays in the bands Larry 2.0 and Close Enough.

2018-02-05T21:02:32-05:00April 24th, 2018|Categories: |Tags: , , |

The Self-Driven Child: How a Sense of Control Makes Kids Motivated and Stress-Resistant

The Self-Driven Child: How a Sense of Control Makes Kids Motivated and Stress-Resistant Everyone in the Greater Washington area is concerned about the escalating levels of stress and anxiety in children and adolescents. And for every child or teen who is crippled by anxiety or underperforming because of stress, there is another failing to thrive for lack of intrinsic motivation. In this talk, Dr. William Stixrud and Ned Johnson will explain a crucial link between the twin scourges of high stress and low motivation, namely a low sense of control or autonomy. They will present practical, eye-opening approaches for supporting the development of autonomy and raising healthy, successful children, approaches which they discuss in their new book, The Self-Driven Child: The Science and Sense of Giving Your Kids More Control Over Their Lives (Viking Books). William R. Stixrud, Ph.D., is a clinical neuropsychologist and director of The Stixrud Group. He is a member of the Adjunct Faculty of the Children’s National Medical Center, and he holds a faculty appointment as Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences, and Pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Stixrud is also a frequent lecturer on topics related to neuropsychological assessment, learning and executive disorders, brain development, motivation, and the effects of stress, sleep deprivation, and technology overload on the brain. He is a long-time practitioner of Transcendental Meditation and a rock and roll musician who plays in the bands Larry 2.0 and Close Enough.

2018-02-05T20:54:23-05:00April 17th, 2018|Categories: |Tags: , , |

Understanding Anxiety: Supporting Anxious Children in the Classroom and Beyond

The Summit School will be hosting - Understanding Anxiety: Supporting Children in the Classroom and Beyond. With up to one in four children struggling with anxiety the topic is timely and relevant. Parents, educators, counselor, tutors, specialists – those in the home, classroom, clinic and/or community who want more information about understanding and supporting anxious children will benefit from this conference.  Attendees will learn about the neuroscience of anxiety, as well as, easy-to-implement tools and strategies for reducing anxiety and increasing self-regulation. Speakers include William R. Stixrud, Ph.D., a clinical neuropsychologist and Jessica Minahan, a board-certified behavior analyst, special educator and author. This conference is open to the public and addresses anxiety in school aged children – elementary through high school. The Understanding Anxiety conference will be on Saturday, April 14, 2018 from 8:00 am – 3:30 pm at The Summit School, 664 East Central Avenue East, Edgewater, MD for more information or to register click here. LEARN MORE   DOWNLOAD THE BROCHURE   Conference will cover: The impact of anxiety on behavior and learning Underdeveloped skills associated with anxiety Why some students seek negative attention 10 questions to ask prior to prescribing a strategy or an intervention Why breaks may not be helpful Dissecting transitions to reduce oppositional behavior Teaching students self-regulation Reducing negative thinking towards writing Shifting reinforcement systems to increase skill development Conference participants will be able to: List common antecedents for students with anxiety Enumerate strategies to promote initiation, persistence, and help-seeking skills, in students with work avoidance Identify why common teacher practices and interventions may not always work for students with anxiety-related behavior Describe classroom friendly self-monitoring strategies List strategies for reducing negative thinking toward writing

2018-04-09T20:56:09-04:00April 14th, 2018|Categories: , |Tags: , , |

Unleashing Potential: Giving your Teens more Control Over their Lives

Dr. Bill Stixrud and Ned Johnson will provide practical ways for parents to connect with their teen! Raising their self-motivation by giving them more autonomy. They are also unveiling their new book, available for purchase at Politics and Prose, and through Amazon. We will have books available for your perusal that evening. LEARN MORE   REGISTER NOW

2018-03-25T13:43:10-04:00April 12th, 2018|Categories: , |Tags: , , , |

The Self-Driven Adolescent: How a Sense of Control Makes Kids Motivated and Stress-Resistant

The Self-Driven Adolescent: How a Sense of Control Makes Kids Motivated and Stress-Resistant Everyone in the Greater Washington area is concerned about the escalating incidence of anxiety disorders and depression in adolescents. And for every teen who is crippled by anxiety or underperforming because of stress, there is another failing to thrive for lack of intrinsic motivation. In this talk, Dr. William Stixrud and Ned Johnson will explain a crucial link between the twin scourges of high stress and low motivation, namely a low sense of control or autonomy. They will present practical, eye-opening approaches for supporting the development of autonomy and raising healthy, successful children, approaches which they discuss in their new book, The Self-Driven Child: The Science and Sense of Giving Your Kids More Control Over Their Lives (Viking Books). William R. Stixrud, Ph.D., is a clinical neuropsychologist and director of The Stixrud Group. He is a member of the Adjunct Faculty of the Children’s National Medical Center, and he holds a faculty appointment as Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences, and Pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Stixrud is also a frequent lecturer on topics related to neuropsychological assessment, learning and executive disorders, brain development, motivation, and the effects of stress, sleep deprivation, and technology overload on the brain. He is a long-time practitioner of Transcendental Meditation and a rock and roll musician who plays in the bands Larry 2.0 and Close Enough. Please contact Frankie Engelking at fengelking@mcleanschool.org or (301) 299-8277 with any questions or comments.

2018-02-05T20:29:49-05:00April 12th, 2018|Categories: |Tags: , , |

Maret Spring Speaker Series

The Self-Driven Child: Building Resiliency and Giving Your Kids More Control Dr. William Stixrud and Ned Johnson, both experts on anxiety, motivation, and the teenage brain, will join us for our Spring Speaker Series to discuss helping kids develop resiliency and autonomy and their new book, The Self-Driven Child: The Science and Sense of Giving Your Kids More Control Over Their Lives. Based on their extensive experience, Bill and Ned will discuss the impacts of high stress and will provide practical ideas for supporting the development of healthy, autonomous, and motivated children. William R. Stixrud, Ph.D., is a clinical neuropsychologist. He is a member of the adjunct faculty of the Children’s National Medical Center and holds a faculty appointment as Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences, and Pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Stixrud is also a frequent lecturer on topics related to neuropsychological assessment, learning and executive disorders, brain development, motivation, and the effects of stress, sleep deprivation, and technology overload on the brain. Ned Johnson is founder and president of PrepMatters, a leading provider of one-on-one academic tutoring services, test preparation, and educational planning in the DC area. A professional tutor-geek since 1993, Mr. Johnson has devoted nearly 40,000 hours to one-on-one test prep for nearly the entire alphabet of tests. He is the co-author of Conquering the SAT: How Parents Can Help Teens Oversome the Pressure and Succeed.

2018-03-17T20:43:52-04:00April 11th, 2018|Categories: |Tags: , |

The Self-Driven Adolescent: How a Sense of Control Makes Kids Motivated and Stress-Resistant

The Self-Driven Adolescent: How a Sense of Control Makes Kids Motivated and Stress-Resistant Everyone in the Greater Washington area is concerned about the escalating incidence of anxiety disorders and depression in adolescents. And for every teen who is crippled by anxiety or underperforming because of stress, there is another failing to thrive for lack of intrinsic motivation. In this talk, Dr. William Stixrud and Ned Johnson will explain a crucial link between the twin scourges of high stress and low motivation, namely a low sense of control or autonomy. They will present practical, eye-opening approaches for supporting the development of autonomy and raising healthy, successful children, approaches which they discuss in their new book, The Self-Driven Child: The Science and Sense of Giving Your Kids More Control Over Their Lives (Viking Books). William R. Stixrud, Ph.D., is a clinical neuropsychologist and director of The Stixrud Group. He is a member of the Adjunct Faculty of the Children’s National Medical Center, and he holds a faculty appointment as Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences, and Pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Stixrud is also a frequent lecturer on topics related to neuropsychological assessment, learning and executive disorders, brain development, motivation, and the effects of stress, sleep deprivation, and technology overload on the brain. He is a long-time practitioner of Transcendental Meditation and a rock and roll musician who plays in the bands Larry 2.0 and Close Enough. Please contact Livia Christensen at livia.christensen@me.com or (201) 431-6772 with any questions or comments.

2018-02-05T20:05:16-05:00April 5th, 2018|Categories: |Tags: , , |